The Magic Flute

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791) highlight examples as Veilchen Das, an Abendempfindung Laura and Dans un bois solitaire, one of the first examples of songs in French. Note that Mozart introduces the characteristics of the Lied also in the arias of his later operas, especially La Clemenza di Tito and The Magic Flute, where the most popular example are the arias by Papageno. Joseph Haydn (1732 – 1809) Lieder composed chamber instrumentation. The group most popular are the "Schottische Lieder" (songs of Scotland) instrumented for voice or voices, piano, violin and cello. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827) is the first to give the Lieder space within his works, An die ferne Geliebte (1816). Beethoven defined a set schedule for the Lieder, following an imaginary plot.

The cycle describes the feelings of a lover while separated from his beloved. With the introduction as "package", the short form of the lied became a means to introduce broader ideas. Beethoven was also the possibility of Lieder in the form of concert or recital. The type of narrative lied; called ballad was based on the model of Johann Friedrich Reichardt (1752-1814). The most famous examples are the ballads Zwerg and Der Erlkonig by Franz Schubert and the works of Carl Loewe (1796-1869) (Erlkonig, Die Uhr, Graf Oluf etc.) Do not forget either, that Robert Schumann (1810-1856) developed the technique of cycle beyond the linear plot. Examples are Liederkreis with text by Joseph von Eichendorff, and cycles to poems by Heinrich Heine (Der arme Peter, Myrthen, Dichterliebe, op Liederkreis.