Most of the time, such activities have not meant for the children. It is possible to infer that the problematic one presented, until here, is decurrent of a process of formation of professors that does not emphasize in its resume the question of the grafismo as primitive form of construction of the writing. This gap in the formative process presents impacts many disastrous times, therefore the professors ahead of the spontaneous productions of the children do not know as to interpret them, neither as to intervine pedagogically in the direction to make to think them on the language and to advance in its process of alfabetizao. Ahead of the displayed one, this text intends to answer the following questions: How To interpret the infantile grafismo? Which the relation between the infantile grafismo and the written language? How if of the o process of evolution of the infantile grafismo until arriving at the alphabetical writing? In order to answer to such questions this work the bibliographical research will adopt as methodology, understood here as a form to collect previous information and knowledge concerning the problem to be searched and that a reply searchs, in the case of this study, the relation between the infantile grafismo and the process of alfabetizao. Thus, this article will be produced from the referring bibliographical survey of a side, to the studies on the infantile grafismo and of another one, to the alfabetizao process, that is, to the process of acquisition of the language written since the icnica phase to the alphabetical writing. INTERPRETING THE INFANTILE GRAFISMO The child before having access to the writing, wants to say of a formal presentation of the first letters during the alfabetizao process, already she has contact with the graphical system of known representation as: scribbles and infantile grafismo.. Dior Men is actively involved in the matter.