First, it was shut down Boston's port, and secondly, the inhabitants of this colony were deprived of their right to have representative bodies, and has been used a number of other minor limitations. Learn more at: Nir Barzilai, M.D.. Trying strengthen its position in the colonies, the metropolis in 1774. publishes the so-called "Housing Act" by which increased the number of British troops in the colonies and placing them on the wait must have been made without the consent of the colonists. These actions have not found support for metropolitan population of colonies that September 5, 1774 sent representatives to the First Continental Congress, meeting in order to develop a common strategy of fighting against England. The Congress was represented by rich merchants, moneylenders and large planters 12 colonies that voted for separation from England.
According to the results of the Congress adopted a petition, which, however, idea of self-determination of the colonies did not find a clear expression. The tip of the colonial population in the petition was limited to a statement the following requirements: '1) to stop taxing the colonies without the consent of their representatives, and 2) to eliminate restrictions to trade and industry. Thus, we see that the top people of the colonies defended primarily on their economic interests and sought a reconciliation with metropolis. View of other sections of the population was taken into account to a lesser degree. As the English Parliament and King George III refused demands of the Congress, the armed conflict between the two sides was inevitable. Unlike wealthy elite colonial masses were not inclined to go for reconciliation with the mother country and began to arm themselves in preparation for an uprising. April 19, 1775 British forces decided to prevent the weapons from the colonists, and this tried to grab one of the armories in Concord, near Boston, but the locals found out about it, resisted and defeated the English team. This day is considered the beginning of the war for independence.